Understanding the new electoral process in Armenia

On April 2, 2017 parliamentarian elections were held in the Republic of Armenia. The elections were completely different, as Armenia has changed governance system from semi-presidential to parliamentarian. The parliament consists of at least 101 parliamentarians. They are elected from the parties or alliances, if they collect 5 and 7 per cent respectively. The process of elections is quite different. Firstly, the voters give fingerprint and the member of electoral commission gives them a participation coupon. Then the voter signs on the electoral list. After this she/he receives ballots for all political parties and alliances and an envelope. Afterwards the process continues in the voting booth.

At first, the voter chooses the party which he/she supports. This already means that he/she is voting for a party, then the voter can vote for a particular candidate from the same party  from the ballots and vice versa. The voter puts the ballot in the envelop without folding. The voter approaches a member of electoral commission, giving the participation coupon to him/her. The member sticks an adhesive stamp on the ballot and the voter throws the envelop in the box. Only 60.93 per cent of voters have voted during this election. The parliament consist of 105 members of parliament, four of them are representatives of minorities, such as Ezidis, Curds, Russians, Assyrians. After the election the parties and alliances that pass to parliament are the following ones:

Armenian Republican Party – 58 members of parliament or 54.09 per cent.

Tsarukyan’s Alliance –  31 members of parliament or 30.10 per cent.

Elq alliance –  9 members of parliament or 8.56 per cent.

Hay Heghapoghakan Dashnakcutyun party –  7 members of parliament or 7.24 per cent.

The Armenian Republican Party and Hay Heghaphoghakan Dashnakcutyun have signed a pact of coalition, so the new government will consist of ministers from these parties. During the first session of the parliament, the members of parliament will choose the prime minister of the country. Armenia is a parliamentarian country, but there is a role of president, who does not have any important duties, though. The president has emblematic value, this political figure does not have any executive duties or responsibilities. The head of executive branch is the prime minister of the republic.

Right now we have no clue who is going to be neither the president nor the prime minister.

 


Arthur Simonyan: Bachelor of law in French University in Armenia, president at RSDUCS NGO

Foto: phgaillard2001

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